The Factory | Los Angeles Conservancy
Photo by Adrian Scott Fine / L.A. Conservancy

The Factory

In July 2016, developer Faring Capital announced plans to retain and incorporate most of the historic Factory building into its proposed Robertson Lane Hotel Project. The redesigned proposal would involve relocating a 140-foot long, two-story portion of The Factory and rehabilitating the exterior. Once completed, the development would include an interpretive program that recognizes the history and significance of the site to local LGBTQ communities. 

The Draft Environmental Impact Report (EIR) for the proposed project was released in March 2017. The Conservancy submitted written comments in support of the proposed project, including its partial preservation approach and thoughtful mitigation measures in May 2017.

We appreciate the project team's willingness to work with the preservation community on a project that strikes a balance between old and new and offers a meaningful path for interpreting and commemorating the site's history. Click on the tab "Our Position" to learn more. 

When the project was first announced, it called for the demolition of the 1929 Factory building at 661 North Robertson Boulevard, among other structures on the site. 

In the spring of 2016, the West Hollywood Heritage Project nominated The Factory for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. Though the State Historical Resources Commission initially turned down the request in July 2016, the advocates resubmitted the nomination with new information about the property's significance. The Commission reviewed the revised nomination on October 28 and voted to recommend designation.

The property was listed in the California Register of Historical Resources, and the National Park Service determined that it was eligible for the National Register in February 2017. 

On June 24, 2015, the National Trust for Historic Preservation named The Factory to its list of America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places in recognition of the growing threat to this icon of the early entertainment industry and West Hollywood's pioneering gay community. This year's list represents the most diverse selection of stories and places to date. 

Says Stephanie Meeks, president of the National Trust:

"The Factory is a trove of important and multi-layered history that simply cannot be replaced."

Constructed in 1929 as the manufacturing headquarters of the Mitchell Camera Company, the building played an important role in the rise of the motion picture industry before World War II. Following a brief stint as an A-list nightclub, the building was transformed into a thriving discotheque in 1974. Known as Studio One, the glamorous dance club specifically catered to West Hollywood's visible gay community and remained in operation until 1988.

A new Facebook group called Save The Factory West Hollywood was formed to help build support and awareness. The West Hollywood Preservation Alliance has also expressed concern about the proposed project and demolition of The Factory. 

The 1929 Factory building embodies a number of significant historical patterns in West Hollywood, from the development of the entertainment industry to the rise of nightlife visibly catering to the gay community.

The building functioned as Mitchell Camera Company's production facility until 1946, when the company relocated its operations to Glendale. During that time, Mitchell cameras could be found in nearly every Hollywood studio, and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences recognized the company more than once for its technical achievements. 

From 1967 to 1972, the building operated as The Factory, an invitation-only nightclub that was the favorite of Hollywood celebrities. Several years later, at the height of the disco era, the building was transformed a second time into an exuberant dance club for West Hollywood's gay community.

Known as Studio One, the club served as a visible social hub for many gay men. Its renown within the community made it an important hub for activism and fundraising when the AIDS epidemic struck in the early 1980s. And, taken with places like Circus Disco and Jewel's Catch One, it tells a critical story about race, class, gender, and sexual identity in Los Angeles. 

The proposed Robertson Lane Hotel Project aims to construct an eight-story development on the site, including a 241-room hotel and restaurant and retail space. 

The Conservancy is pleased that the building at 661 North Robertson Boulevard is now listed in the California Register of Historical Resources and has been determined eligible for the National Register of Historic Places for its associations with the motion picture industry and West Hollywood’s pioneering gay community. 

Since the Robertson Lane Hotel Project was first annouced with full demolition proposed, the Conservancy has been working to ensure a meaningful preservation outcome for The Factory. What has developed and evolved following many discussions is a reimagined project that provides a unique opportunity to create a dynamic and walkable urban center with a mix of building heights and styles of both historic and new construction. 

As an example of adaptive reuse, The Factory building is now envisioned as a core, highly visible feature of the proposed project. To achieve this goal, the project calls for the dismantling, truncating, relocation, and rehabilitation of a substantial portion of the industrial building, as a partial preservation approach. 

The Conservancy approaches every preservation issue and project as a case-by-case scenario, each with unique circumstances. Our preference is always for the full preservation and retention of a historic resource and minimizing impacts wherever possible. 

The Draft Environmental Impact Report (EIR) studied a range of potential impacts to the historic building that could result from the proposed project and includes a robust package of mitigation measures. As proposed, a portion of The Factory is intended to be preserved, though essentially reconstituted as a smaller structure than currently exists and at a different orientation on site. 

The Conservancy has analyzed this issue and pressed for retention of as much of the original building as possible. In this case, we believe the proposed partial preservation project is meaningful and achieves a preservation outcome, especially when combined with the suggested package of mitigation measures. 

Unlike many other buildings, The Factory features modular construction, which is often erected in various sizes and shapes and/or dismantled and rebuilt elsewhere. This is an important and contributing factor to the partial preservation decision, and the remaining building will be nearly identical in appearance. 

In addition to the building's preservation, the Conservancy advocated for the inclusion of meaningful site interpretation as part of the project's mitigation. Given the complexity of The Factory's social and cultural history—including patterns of racial and gender discrimination—we strongly believe that all interpretation and commemoration of the building's history should reflect a diverse range of perspectives within local LGBTQ communities. 

Overall, we feel the mitigation measures are thoughtful and will allow a diverse public to access, experience, and understand The Factory building in a way that is not possible today. 

Click here to read the Conservancy's 2017 letter on the Draft EIR >>

Join the Save The Factory West Hollywood group and the West Hollywood Heritage Project to stay informed and support the local effort.