Roosevelt High School | Los Angeles Conservancy
Photo by Adrian Scott Fine/L.A. Conservancy

Roosevelt High School

Roosevelt High School in Boyle Heights was built in 1922 and opened one year later. The campus expanded over the decades to encompass approximately 22.7 acres, bounded by Mathews, Mott, Fourth, and Sixth Streets.

The original Auditorium and Classroom Building, popularly known as the R Building (also previously known as the A Building), received a seismic upgrade and PWA Moderne remodel following the 1933 Long Beach earthquake. For Roosevelt High alumni and Angelenos alike, the original Auditorium and Classroom Building, were an iconic representation of Roosevelt High and Boyle Heights. 

Roosevelt High garnered national attention for the role it, along with four other Los Angeles high schools, played in the East L.A. Chicano Student Walkouts (Blowouts) of March 1968.

In 2018, the National Trust for Historic Preservation included the five Walkout schools, including Roosevelt High School, on America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places list. Roosevelt High's iconic R Building and Auditorium were demolished as part of LAUSD's Comprehensive Modernization Program in 2019.

  

 

In March 1968, Roosevelt High School—along with Wilson, Lincoln, Belmont, and Garfield High Schools—was thrust into the national spotlight when thousands of Chicanx students and supporters staged a series of organized walkouts to demand educational equity, known as the East L.A. Chicano Student Walkouts (“Blowouts”).

Though school administrators locked the gates to prevent students from leaving, and LAPD squad cars surrounded the campus to intimidate the strikers, such actions would not prevent students from participating in the Walkouts.

1968 East L.A. Chicano Student Walkouts (Blowouts) and Roosevelt High School

The Roosevelt High campus was identified as eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district for its role in the 1968 East L.A. Chicano Student Walkouts. Among those eligible buildings were the R Building (also previously known as the A Building), which was individually eligible for listing and landmark designation.

The R Building served as the primary setting for activities associated with the Walkouts on campus, including a sit-in that students staged on the lobby stairs and an assembly held by district officials in the auditorium.

The Walkouts are considered the first major protest against racial and educational inequality staged by Chicanxs in the U.S., and an important catalyst for the Chicano Civil Rights Movement.

Adding another layer of cultural significance to the R Building are several important interior murals, including “Harvey Milk Day of Service.” A Draft Environmental Impact Report calls the murals at the school “powerful expressions of the Roosevelt High School student social activism, culture, and community struggles."

The loss of Roosevelt High School's iconic R Building and Auditorium in 2019 are sobering reminders of the pressures to preserve Latinx heritage as our communities evolve. With few Latinx heritage landmarked on the national, state, and local levels, protecting and celebrating the remaining Chicano Student Walkout Schools is a priority. In 2020, the Conservancy continues to montior the next modernization project to impact a Walkout School, the Lincoln High School Comprehensive Modernization Project.

Photo courtesy Architectural Resources Group

University Elementary School

With the school's philosophy of "learning by doing" in mind, the two sections of the campus sit on either side of a ravine, leaving the natural space undisturbed for use as a learning environment.
Los Angeles Conservancy archives

El Capitan Theatre and Office Building

The El Capitan Theatre and Office Building is the third of four major theatres constructed by prominent real estate developer C. E. Toberman, known as the “Father of Hollywood.” The six-story building was designed in the elaborate Spanish Baroque style by the renowned firm of Morgan, Walls, & Clements, who incorporated retail and office space into the upper floors. Noted theatre architect G. Albert Lansburgh designed the elaborate interior.