Harbor Hills | Los Angeles Conservancy
Harbor Hills
Photo courtesy Architectural Resources Group

Harbor Hills

Even though the 1930s continued to be a relatively prosperous time in Los Angeles due to a booming entertainment industry, the Great Depression took its toll on a large percentage of the city's population. Architecture critic Esther McCoy wrote that during the Depression, "30 percent of all dwellings in Los Angeles had no inside toilet, 50 percent had no bathtub, and 20 percent were unfit for human habitation." 

Using incentives from the federal government, the City and County of Los Angeles initiated the construction of numerous public housing developments to replace substandard housing. The Housing Authority of the County of Los Angeles called upon preeminent urban planner Clarence Stein to help design its first housing developments, including Harbor Hills.

Occupying a hilly site in Lomita near the Palos Verdes peninsula, Harbor Hills opened in 1941 and was the product of a talented design team that included Stein, Reginald Johnson, Donald Parkinson, Eugene Weston, Lewis Wilson, A. C. Zimmerman, and landscape architects Fred Barlow, Jr. and Katherine Bashford.

Following Garden City planning principles, the twenty-seven-acre site includes 300 units of housing and large expanses of open space for outdoor recreation and gardens. The complex follows the contours of the hilly site, utilizing a chevron pattern in its site plan to break up the repetition of parallel rows of buildings and giving the development a distinct character.

Years after its completion, Clarence Stein visited the complex and stated, "Harbor Hills in detail is, I think, one of the best projects in the country."

Photo by Adrian Scott Fine/L.A. Conservancy

Estrada Courts

Painted at the height of the Chicano Civil Rights Movement, the Estrada Courts murals enlivened the 1942 garden apartment complex.
Photo by Hunter Kerhart

William Mead Homes

One of many local garden apartments built for low-income Angelenos, William Mead Homes still provides a thoughtfully designed living experience today.
Photo courtesy Architectural Resources Group

Boat Houses

These miniscule (by today's standards) homes are clad in warm wood with angled ceilings, built-in furniture and glass facades giving Harry Gesner's "boat houses" their name.