Photo from L.A. Conservancy archives

Lincoln Theatre

Opened in 1927, the Lincoln Theatre located on historic Central Avenue is significant as the last remaining theatre in Los Angeles that catered specifically to the African American community.
Because of the quality and fame of the entertainers, the Lincoln Theatre was sometimes called the “West Coast Apollo” after Harlem’s Apollo Theatre, and in fact they both featured many of the same acts.

The building was designed by architect John Paxton Perrine, who was also responsible for the design of San Diego’s California Theatre (1926), the Roosevelt Theatre in Hawthorne (1926), the Fox Redondo Theatre (1927), and San Bernadino’s California Theatre (1928).

Designed in the Moorish Revival architectural style, the front façade is divided into three symmetrical bays with the marquee above the entrance of the central bay. The façade is marked by decorative ceramic tile above arches in the side bays and columns that are capped by onion-shaped capitals and lance-shaped spires. 

Inside, a mural of the theatre’s namesake president rises above its grand staircase. It was a common practice for African-American communities to name theaters after Lincoln in the early twentieth century. With a large stage, an orchestra pit, and seating for 2,100 patrons, the Lincoln Theatre was designed to accommodate live performances and movies. It was the largest theater built along Central Avenue.  

In 1961, the theater was acquired by Bishop Samuel Crouch as a place of worship for his expanding congregation.  Crouch Temple operated at this site until the 1970s, when the building was converted to a mosque by the Black Muslim community.  

Today, the Lincoln Theater is the home of Iglesia de Jesucristo Ministerios Juda, a Spanish-speaking congregation.  It was designated a City of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in March 2003. 

 

In addition to movies, from the 1930s through the 1950s, many leading African American entertainers performed live theatre, concerts, stage shows, vaudeville, and even talent shows at the Lincoln Theatre. Musical performers included Lionel Hampton, Duke Ellington, the Nat King Cole Trio, Billie Holiday, Lena Horne, Louis Jordan, Pigmeat Markham, Fats Domino, and B. B. King. It was outside the Lincoln Theatre in the late 1940s that songwriter eden ahbez (aka “ahbe”) handed the song "Nature Boy" to Nat King Cole's road manager.

Beginning in 1946, the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper and Orpheum Theaters, Inc., sponsored a talent search matinee every Saturday at the Lincoln for children ten years of age or younger.  The more talented were given professional engagements or opportunities to appear on stage with major performers.  

The performances at the Lincoln attracted many Hollywood celebrities, including Charlie Chaplin, Irving Thalberg, Janet Gaynor, and Fanny Brice. 

Photo by Trudi Sandmeier

Cameo Theatre

Opening in 1910 as Clune's Broadway Theatre to screen first-run films, the 900-seat theatre was one of the country’s first theatres built to show movies. The modest Neo-classical design was considered quite elegant for a movie theatre at the time.
Photo courtesy Marc Wanamaker

Ambassador Hotel (Demolished)

One of Los Angeles' defining historic sites, the Ambassador fueled development of Wilshire Boulevard and housed the world-famous Cocoanut Grove.
Photo by Annie Laskey/L.A. Conservancy

Catalina Casino

Constructed for $2 million, the Catalina Casino was hailed as "a monument to the effort of William Wrigley, Jr. to give Catalina the finest and best the world's artisans have to offer."