First African Methodist Episcopal Church | Los Angeles Conservancy
First African Methodist Episcopal Church
Photo by Ysa Adams / Incite Photography

First African Methodist Episcopal Church

The First African Methodist Episcopal (First A.M.E.) Church is the oldest African American congregation in Los Angeles, founded in the Spring Street living room of real estate entrepreneur and former slave Biddy “Grandma” Mason in 1872. The First A.M.E. congregation was located in Historic South Central Los Angeles until moving to the prestigious West Adams neighborhood of Sugar Hill, where many prominent members of the African-American community owned mansions. Paul R. Williams, the first African American member of the American Institute of Architects and a lifetime member of the First A.M.E. church, designed the Late Modern-style building.

The building sits on an elevated foundation to accommodate the irregularly shaped hillside lot and maximize the effect of its elevated location.

A zigzag motif used along the roofline and the porch of the front entrance enlivens the simple stucco exterior of the building. Decorative murals are painted between the bays of the west façade. Though he was not a member of the church, John Factor, half-brother of cosmetics mogul Max Factor, supplemented the congregation’s building fund of eight dollars with a $200,000 donation.

Upon the church’s completion in 1968, Reverend H. H. Brookins led a procession from the former home at Eighth and Towne to its new location on Harvard Boulevard with a star-studded group of some of the best-known actors in Hollywood, many of whom belonged to the church. When Paul Williams passed away in 1980, his funeral was held in the church he designed.

Photo by Douglas Hill

Albert Van Luit Complex

The site of the world-renowned wallpaper factory of Albert Van Luit, the Mid-Century Modern Van Luit Complex provided a safe and diverse work environment for ethnic and sexual minorities from the 1950s through 1970s.
Haugh Performing Arts Center
Photo courtesy Architectural Resources Group

Haugh Performing Arts Center

A sprawling building in Late Modern style with some hints of Brutalism, the Center hosts up to 200 performances each year and was a major achievement for the first junior college in L.A. County.