Case Study Houses
On November 21, 2013, the Los Angeles Conservancy Modern Committee was awarded a Governor's Historic Preservation Award to recognize its work in nominating eleven Case Study Houses to the National Register of Historic Places.
Los Angeles Conservancy Modern Committee earns Governor's Historic Preservation Award. Photo courtesy California Office of Historic Preservation. Front row (l-r): Adrian Scott Fine, the Conservancy’s advocacy director; ModCom members Hans Adamson, Amanda Seward, Alan Leib, Regina O'Brien, Cheryll Dudley Roberts, and Steven Kyle. Back row (l-r): Aaron Robertson, Chief Deputy Director, California State Parks; Carol Roland-Nawi, State Historic Preservation Officer, and Julianne Polanco, Chair, State Historical Resources Commission.
Through the efforts of the Los Angeles Conservancy Modern Committee, eleven Case Study House residences in Los Angeles, San Diego, and Ventura counties are now recognized as nationally historic. Ten are officially listed in the National Register of Historic Places, and an eleventh was deemed eligible for listing.
On May 1, 2013, the State Historical Resources Commission voted to recommend listing of ten Case Study Houses in the National Register of Historic Places. These ten residences with certifying recommendations were submitted to the National Park Service for final review and listing by the Keeper of the National Trust. They were formally listed on July 24, 2013.
An eleventh nominated residence, Case Study House #23A, was not formally listed because of owner objection, but it received a determination of eligibility for listing in the National Register. All eleven residences will be considered historic resources and will enjoy the same protections under the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA).
Few of the Case Study Houses currently have preservation protections, and some have been demolished or significantly altered. This proactive step recognizes the eleven nominated homes and raises greater awareness about the Case Study House program while providing a historic context for future designation of the remaining eligible properties.
Several Case Study Houses were not included in the nomination -- if they've been altered or demolished, or for other reasons -- but with this platform in place, it will be easier for other CSH homes to be nominated in the future.
Likewise, a few CSH houses, such as the Eames House (CSH #8), weren't included because they're already individually listed.
Case Study House residences included in nomination:
Los Angeles County
- Case Study House #1, 10152 Toluca Lake Ave., Los Angeles
- Case Study House #9, 205 Chautauqua Blvd., Los Angeles
- Case Study House #10, 711 S. San Rafael Ave., Pasadena
- Case Study House #16, 1811 Bel Air Rd., Los Angeles
- Case Study House #18, 199 Chautauqua Blvd., Los Angeles
- Case Study House #20, 2275 N. Santa Rosa Ave., Altadena
- Case Study House #21, 9038 Wonderland Park Ave., Los Angeles
- Case Study House #22, 1635 Woods Dr., Los Angeles
San Diego County
- Case Study House #23A, 2342 Rue de Anne, La Jolla, San Diego (determined eligible)
- Case Study House #23C, 2339 Rue de Anne, La Jolla, San Diego
- Case Study House #28, 91 Inverness Rd., Thousand Oaks
Launched in 1945 by John Entenza's Arts + Architecture magazine, the Case Study House program commissioned architects to study, plan, design, and ultimately construct houses in anticipation of renewed building in the postwar years.
With an emphasis on experimentation, and a goal of promoting good, modern, affordable design for single-family homes, the program helped to disseminate the midcentury modern aesthetic through its thirty-five published plans. Of these, twenty-five houses and one apartment building were built in California and Arizona.
While the Case Study House program did not achieve its initial goals for mass production and affordability, it was responsible for some of Los Angeles’ most iconic and internationally recognized modern residences, such as the Eames House (Case Study House #8) by Charles and Ray Eames and the Pierre Koenig-designed Stahl House (Case Study House #22), famously photographed by Julius Shulman.
The program offered an unparalleled opportunity for commissions and publicity for established architects including Richard Neutra, J. R. Davidson, Sumner Spaulding, and William Wurster. It helped raise the profile of then-lesser-known designers including Craig Ellwood, A. Quincy Jones, Edward Killingsworth, Ralph Rapson, Eero Saarinen, and Raphael Soriano.